Household Income and Spending in the United States During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic •
Johan Fourie, Stellenbosch University; Johannes Norling, Mount Holyoke College.
Inequalities in Excess Mortality during the 1918-9 Influenza Pandemic in the Netherlands •
Rick J. Mourits, International Institute of Social History / Radboud University; Auke Rijpma, Utrecht University; Schalk Ruben, Utrecht University; Ingrid K van Dijk, Lund University; Richard L. Zijdeman, International Institute of Social History.
Pandemic Influenza and the Gender Imbalance: Evidence from Early Twentieth Century Japan •
Kota Ogasawara, Tokyo Institute of Technology; Minami Yumitori, Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Death around the Kitchen Table: Inequality, Urban Habitat and Disease Avoidance during a Typhoid Epidemic in a Finnish City, 1916 •
Jarmo Peltola, Dr, Senior researcher, Tampere University, Faculty of Social Sciences, History; Sakari Saaritsa, University of Helsinki; Henri Mikkola, University of Helsinki.